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A transfer coming out of Riverside, looking west from Bailey's Wye.
Notice the CPL's in the picture.



This guide, as all of mine are, is map oriented.  There are a several other web sites and guides around for Baltimore, but most don't go into much detail except for several excellent CSX Tours.  You'll find other links in the link section.  If you prefer text versions of guides, they exist too, but they aren't much help if you get lost.

So... Baltimore... What do you think of when you think of Baltimore and Railroads?

Baltimore was the home to quite a few railroads:
     The first railroad in the United States, the Baltimore and Ohio RR
     The Western Maryland Rwy, which later became part of the Chessie System and then CSX
     The Maryland & Pennsylvania RR, affectionately known as the Ma & Pa
     The Canton RR
     The Patapsco & Back River RR, once part of the huge Bethlehem Steel continuum
     The Baltimore & Susquehanna RR, Baltimore's second railroad which later became the Northern Central, and then part of the Pennsy
     The Baltimore & Annapolis RR
The only railroad that serviced Baltimore, and did not call it home, was the Pennsylvania RR.

Up till 1963, Baltimore had seven railroads for the railfan to enjoy, now there are five, plus the two transit lines (do they really count?):
     Norfolk Southern
     The Canton RR
     The Light Rail system
     The Metro Subway
     With the former Beth Steel plant now shut down, the P&BRRR hasn't been running for some time.

More in the history section below.

For the signal fan, Baltimore has a shrinking variety of railroad signals, mainly:
    CPL's (Color Position Light/B&O),
PL's (Position Light/PRR),
    Amtrak PCL signals (colorized versions of the Pennsy PL signals,
    and color light signals.

The Western Maryland used colorlight signals, but since it was absorbed by CSX, none of them remain.

As of late 2015, CSX's signal replacement program is pretty much complete in the Baltimore area, and only CPL's remaining that I know of, is a fixed RESTRICT signal adjacent to the Light Rail Westport station, and signals protecting the swing bridge in Sparrows Point.

As far as PL signals go around here, almost all of the high signals are now Amtrak PCL signals, except for a few high pedestals at Penn station, and at the entrances to B&P Tunnel.  The non-colorized PL-4 dwarf and pedestal signals remain, but most have been relamped with lunar colored LED's (as of mid-2016).

We also lost our last semaphore signal in 2006, it was a fixed approach signal on the B&O on the way to Gray's Yard. 

Today, the B&O is CSX, (via the Chessie System).  The passenger portion of the Pennsy is the Amtrak Northeast Corridor (NEC)(via the Penn Central), and the freight portion became Norfolk Southern (via the Penn Central and Conrail).  We did lose long distance freights on the Northern Central branch back in PC era of 1972 with the advent of Hurricane Agnes, and then the local in 2005 when the MTA double-tracked the line.

Most of the Western Maryland is now CSX, except for the line going through Union Bridge, which is now the Maryland Midland RR.

The MTA Light Rail system took over the B&A RR right-of-way on the south side, and the Pennsy's former Northern Central branch on the north side (Conrail/NS freights used to run on the branch until the MTA double tracking project began in 1995).

The state run Canton Railroad still services a few local industries and offers a break from the big Class one's....

Last but not least, over on the southeast side of town at the (former) Beth Steel plant is the Patapsco and River RR.  With no activity at "the Point", the railroad is no longer in operation.

Another railroad that we lost back in the 1990's, is the Baltimore & Annapolis RR, which was taken over by the MTA when they headed south to Cromwell.

Baltimore has been fortunate in this day and age of consolidations and "trimming the fat" that it has not lost much in the way of trackage.  One  exception is the former Western Maryland's Port Covington yard.  Other than that, Baltimore pretty much still has all the track it had 40 years ago.

Although not heavily emphasized by railfans, there is plenty of railroad action in Baltimore. There is plenty of CSX action available all day long, and Norfolk Southern can be found most of the time, but generally not on the Corridor until after 10pm (except for a few locals). There are plenty of stations, structures, and what-nots to take in, if you're into that kind of thing.

A note which I feel rather strongly about... if you are a railfan, go out and take pictures of everything.  The reason I say this is because as a youngster in my late teens and 20's (in the late 60's and into the 70's), I didn't get out as much as I should have.  One reason was being poor while you're of college age, and back then, you didn't have the digital format, where you could take thousands of pictures for next to nothing.  Print pictures were pretty crappy, and slides weren't all that cheap.  So it was tough trying to go to school, have a part time job paying a buck seventy-five an hour, and then paying three bucks for a roll of slide film and another 2 or 3 to get it developed.... ouch!  Also, I went up to Connecticut back in 1994 with several other railfans, and one of them didn't particularly care to take pictures of the CT Centrals old dilapidated engines with multiple paint schemes showing through.  Too bad, for the railroad disappeared, and he has precious few pix of the stuff we saw!

Another reason..... look at the merger chart below.  Around the edges, most (but not all) of those railroads were around when I started taking pictures (1964).  They were the major roads of the 50's and 60's.  Now all we have is pretty much the railroads in blue.  There are some "larger" shortlines, and many short shortlines, but overall, the action just isn't like it used to be.... go out and take those pictures!

Getting around and knowing where to go is the worst part of being in a strange town, trust me, I have been there many, many times in places like Minneapolis, Portland OR, Boston, Kansas City, St Louis, Los Angeles, and especially Chicago.  I usually keep notes and hand drawn maps of most of the places I visit, but it takes an immense amount of time to transcribe those hand drawn notes into something really useful, like what you see here and in the rest of my guides at

Pictures are always needed if anyone feels inclined to take 'em, send 'em, and share 'em, or if you have something to add or correct.... credit is always given!  Contact info is here

A couple of notes about the Baltimore Guide that appeared in the June 2003 issue of Railpace ....  If you look closely at the USGS maps for the downtown area in the article, you will notice they are out of date:
-- I95 and I395 are missing.....
-- I83 does not come down to President St......
-- Riverside yard is shown with a roundhouse (that disappeared in the early 80's with the construction of the Ft McHenry tunnel)......
-- Same thing with the Canton yard on the other side of the harbor - it was drastically altered with I95 coming thru and their shops was torn down...
-- The Pennsy Orangeville yard and roundhouse is long gone......
-- The Light Rail is not shown at all.....
-- The Western Maryland Port Covington yard is now an industrial complex......
-- The small yard at Camden Station is no longer there, as are the tracks leading up to the B&O Railroad museum......

Railpace Magazine Articles That Deal With The Baltimore Area (plus others)

-- Oct 2004 - Northern Central history unearthed
-- Jun 2003 - Baltimore guide
-- Apr 2003 - Maryland scenic photos
-- May 2001 - railfanning the Canton RR
-- Sep 2001 - Tunnel fire in Baltimore
-- Feb 2000 - railfanning CSX capital subdivision DC to Baltimore
-- Mar 2000 - CSX DC freight route
-- Jul 2000 - railfanning CSX Hanover sub, PT 1 - Baltimore to Hanover
-- OCT 2000 - railfanning CSX Hanover sub, PT 2 - Hanover to Hagerstown
-- Feb 1997 - railfanning CSX Old Main Line, PT 1 - Point of Rocks to Mt Airy
-- Apr 1997 - railfanning CSX Old Main Line, PT 2 - Woodbine to Halethorpe
-- Sep 1997 - Md Scenic Freight
-- Sep 2005 - Pennsys High line
-- Dec 2002 - Amtrak north Philly variety
-- Mar 2004 - Fostoria to Willard OH
-- Feb 2004 - Indiana line to Galatea OH
-- May 2004 - railfanning the River Line
-- Apr 2004 - River Line grand opening
-- Feb 2003 - Harpers Ferry railfan guide
-- Jan 2002 - New Castle PA railfan guide
-- Jul 2002 - Maryland and Delaware railfan guide
-- Mar 2001 - Yorkrail roster
-- Oct 1998 - NS Alexandria Sub, Alexandria to Front Royal
-- Nov 1998 - Wilmington Amtrak shops

A word of caution in this post 9/11 era.......

Most railroads, because of the Homeland Security crap and the FBI, are weary of anyone that asks questions about their operations or trains locations.  Unless you know someone that works for a particular railroad, do not expect much cooperation in most instances.

For instance..... The Maryland Midland used to be friendly, now they are not.  You're not supposed to take pictures of government buildings, so technically, you can't take pictures at Penn Station, but in recent years, Amtrak has eased up on the requirement.

As for railroads around Baltimore, the NS "Nazi Southern" cops are the worst (I have taken a lot of heat over the use of that term, but most NS people use that term for their own employer).  In places like Philadelphia and Allentown, they have been known to ticket railfans for stepping on the property at a grade crossing! (CP Rail's cops are pretty nasty too).  The Beth Steel Police used to get pretty ignorant, but that stems mostly from the industrial espionage aspect of taking pictures - the companies that are talking their place are almost as bad!

So far, I have never been bothered by the cops on the MTA for taking pictures, but numerous operators have.  In the spring of 2011, a big "thing" broke out where a guy was harassed by the MTA police, and it turns out he works for the ACLU.  The MTA is still trying to figure out what to do, but their Public Information Officer said photos were OK... there is no official policy on their website yet.  Lot's of other transit companies have policies against taking pictures on the property, like the MBTA in Boston (where I had an operator complain to a ticket agent once and they chased me off).

There are exceptions if you get around, like the Minnesota Commercial in St Paul MN -- you can still go in and sign a waiver and take pictures on the property.

Railroads like the CRANDIC in Cedar Raids IA.... they don't like railfans, so don't waste your time going by the office.  Worse yet are railroads like the Georgetown in Georgetown TX (small mining RR north of Austin) -- they just plain HATE railfans, and are willing to call the police if you even step foot on their parking lot to go in the office and ask if you can take pictures -- again, don't waste your time.  (I do know of one fellow that did manage to get them to let him take pictures)

So just be careful, and use common sense.  Make a best effort by staying on public property. At least ask someone in an official capacity before deciding to go on railroad property.  We want everyone to have a good time, cause I'm not available to get you out of jail!


If you go to the MTA's website and go searching for their photo policy, you will not find one.  So I emailed them via their website and got an invitation to call them.  On Thursday, March 31st, 2011, I spoke with a fellow by the name of Terry Owens at the MTA regarding the MTA's photography policy.  He WAS their Chief Public Information Officer.

After I introduced myself and told him what I was "into", I dived into the lack of a photo policy on their website.  I explained to him that I didn't want myself or others to run afoul of the MTA police and wind up like the fellow taking pictures on METRA property a few years ago.  I also told him that I was "yelled" at by one Light Rail operator for taking pictures at the Timonium turnaround, where she stated that it was against the law to take pictures of trains according to the Department of Homeland Security.

He assured me that it was OK for individuals to take pictures of trains on any MTA property, but it would still be a good idea to call his office to "let them know you're going to be out there", which is comparable to SEPTA's policy.  I hope that the public information office is as well connected to the MTA Police department as SEPTA's is.

I also tried calling the MTA police department directly via the phone numbers listed on their website, and never got a call back.  SEPTA one, MTA zero (I did the same a few weeks ago trying to clarify the SEPTA photo policy, and someone answered the phone when I called them).

The phone number for the office is 410-767-3932.

He also told me he would do what he could to get the photo policy posted on their website.

Joeseph Korman has numerous transit systems photo policy's listed somewhere on his website at: .

NEW MAR03/2003, AUG21/2016
Last Modified 24-Jan-2020