In General
Maps
Construction Photos
Post Construction Photos
Tickets
Station by Station



RAILFAN GUIDES HOME
RAILROAD SIGNALS HOME

In General


Location / Name:
Suburban San Juan  PR

What's Here:
the Tren Urbano Metro System

Data:
GPS Coordinates: as needed
Phone A/C: 787
ZIP: 009xx

Access by train/transit:
the Metro System itself

The Scoop:

The Tren Urbano is the Caribbean's first rapid transit system!  In English, Tren Urbano means Urban Train.

The system is 10.7 miles, or 17.2km long.  It is a fully automated  system that runs off of a 750VDC third rail.

The system serves the metropolitan area of San Juan, which also includes the municipalities of Bayamon and Guaynabo, but does not actually come into the center of San Juan.

There are 16 stations along the single system line.

The Tren Urbano complements other forms of public transportation on the island such as a public bus system, taxis, water ferries and shuttles. The entire mass transportation system has been dubbed the Alternativa de Transporte Integrado (Integrated Transportation Alternative) or “ATI”.

In typical heavy rail tradition, a "single railcar" is actually two permanently connected cars - neither of which can operate without the other because systems between the two are shared.  The system has 74 cars.  A single two car set is used off peak hours, two two-car sets are used during rush hours.

Construction took about 6 years, and cost approximately 2.28 Billion US dollars.  The system officially opened for weekend trips on December 19th, 2004, and was free until April 2005, when weekday service was added.  Revenue service started on June 6th, 2005.  Ridership has not been as high as expected, and as a result, fares were cut in half to try to lure more people to ride the system.

If we look at the destinations the system DOES NOT serve, such as San Juan OR Old San Juan, Santurce, the Airport, and important suburbs like Catano, Toa Baja, Carolina, Toa Alta, Canovanas, and Trujillo Alto, one can see why ridership may not be what was expected.

Tren Urbano operates six days a week, 365 days a year.  The system begins operations at 5:50am and runs uninterrupted until 11:30pm.  The Integrated Transit Authority (ATI) points out that the frequency of the trains at peak times is 8 minutes and 16 minutes off peak.

Tren Urbano is currently made up of a single rapid transit route. It consists of 16 stations, ten of which are elevated, four at grade or in open cuttings, and two underground. It goes mostly through suburban areas. All stations are designed to handle three permanently coupled pairs . The stations in the system are:

Minillas (Phase 1A) Planned ←
San Mateo (Phase 1A) Planned ←
Sagrado Corazón (Sagrado Corazón) (360 parking spaces)
Hato Rey (Golden Mile / José Miguel Agrelot Coliseum)
Roosevelt (Roosevelt Ave. and Ponce de León Ave.)
Domenech (Hato Rey)
Piñero (Hato Rey)
Universidad (University of Puerto Rico at Río Piedras)
Río Piedras (Río Piedras)
Carolina (Phase 2) Planned ←
Cupey
Centro Médico (Puerto Rico Medical Services Administration and University of Puerto Rico, Medical Sciences Campus)
San Francisco (535 parking spaces)
Las Lomas
Martínez Nadal (1,200 parking spaces)
Torrimar (Guaynabo) (45 parking spaces)
Jardines (128 parking spaces)
Deportivo (Juan Ramón Loubriel Stadium and Coliseo Rubén Rodríguez)
Bayamón (Bayamón) (400 parking spaces)





The Tren Urbano does not travel directly to Luis Muños Marín International Airport, however, there is an expedited bus route.  Express route E40 leaves from Piñero Station and goes directly to Muñoz Marín Airport by way of the Mall of San Juan.  In this way, passengers who are arriving or who are going to take a flight can use the Tren Urbano service.

Each of the 16 stations boasts unique artwork and architectural style. A maintenance depot and operations control center is located halfway along the route, between Martínez Nadal station and Torrimar stations.

Bicycles: In order to take a bicycle on a train, you must apply for a Bici-Pass permit at Río Piedras station between 10:00am and 6:00pm.  Further requirements are: attendance of a course dealing with the rules for taking a bicycle on the train, be 18 years or over (or have permission from a parent, guardian or representative), and provide an ID-size photo.  Users must sign the rules form as a commitment to comply.

The return of Steel Wheeled Transit:

In 1967, proposals were made for the construction of a rapid rail transit system to serve the city of San Juan. In 1971, the major T.U.S.C.A. study—funded jointly by the Puerto Rico Planning Board and the U.S. federal government— recommended an islandwide, elevated transit system and new community development program. That proposal would have traversed and also served the San Juan Metro Area, connecting it with the rest of the island without the necessity of highway construction. However, it was not until 1989 that Puerto Rico’s Department of Transportation and Public Works officially adopted a proposal to begin design and construction of a rail system for the San Juan metropolitan area. The ridership demand for such a system had to be forecast using a mathematical model prepared by a team of transportation planners and engineers. By 1992, various alignments of the proposed system were considered, but the final design chosen served only certain parts of the metro area, and not Old San Juan. The name "Tren Urbano" (Urban Train) was chosen for the system. In 1993, the Federal Transit Administration (FTA) selected it as a Turnkey Demonstration Projects under the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991. During 1996 and 1997, seven design-build contracts were awarded for different segments of the Tren Urbano Phase 1 system. A number of companies shared the tasks for building the Tren Urbano including Siemens AG which was granted a concession to design and build the line and its rolling stock, and to operate it for the first five years. The company won a contract which was a “first” for North America in the scope of the work which it involved, and which was awarded in July 1996. (from the first link below)

History:

Railroads have a long history in Puerto Rico.  Construction on the first began near the close of the 19th century when the island was a Spanish colony.  In that time, a loop railway was created which traveled around the edges of the island.  However, with colonization by the United States, American automobile companies monopolized the transport market to the detriment of railway development.  The development of highways caused the populations in urban areas to grow.  The increase of so many people in so little space with the majority of them dependent on cars, forced the government to develop plans for public transport to ease the congestion.

In the late 19th century while the island was under Spanish rule, regional rail systems were begun in Puerto Rico. The railroad continued to be in use under US rule for most of the first half of the 20th century and played a key role in the transportation of people and goods throughout the island. The railroad systems of the period also played a vital role in the sugarcane industry. From 1901 to 1946 San Juan had a street tramway network known as “Trolley” de San Juan operated by the Porto Rico Railway, Light and Power Company with more than 20mi of tracks and ran between San Juan and Santurce. During its heyday, it was the most modern electric streetcar system in Puerto Rico, rivaling New York and Toronto and transported nearly 10 million passengers a year. Today there are plans to bring back the tram to the heart of San Juan to complement the Tren Urbano. During the 1950s, an industrial boom, due in part to development programs such as Operation Bootstrap, led to the downfall of agriculture as the principal industry on the island. During this decade automobiles became more widely available. Newer, and more efficient roads and highways along with the closure of sugarcane mills displaced the need for rail transportation. It was not long that it was realized that an alternative means of mass transportation was needed in addition to the public bus system to alleviate the severe traffic situation that was being created, especially in the San Juan metropolitan area. (from the first link below)

Acknowledgements:
Oren Hirsch
Denver Todd
Google Maps
Wikipedia

Websites and other additional information sources of interest for the area:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tren_Urbano
https://www.triposo.com/poi/Tren_Urbano
http://mapa-metro.com/en/puerto-rico/san-juan/san-juan-tren-urbano-map.htm
http://quepasa.pr/train-stations/
https://sanjuanpuertorico.com/san-juan-puerto-rico-train-tren-urbano/
https://www.tripadvisor.com/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g147320-d8155238-i141966974-Tren_Urbano-San_Juan_Puerto_Rico.html
http://orenstransitpage.com/transit-photography/caribbean/puerto-rico/tren-urbano/ Looks like Oren is one of the few with pictures of the system....
http://ferrocarrilespr.rogerseducationalpage.com/?p=1576
http://ferrocarrilespr.rogerseducationalpage.com/?p=2214


Maps



the above map in PDF form is here



Expansion Alternatives:









Construction Photos

Here are a few pictures of the construction I found on the Tren Urbano website.

   

    

   

   



Post Construction Pictures



  

  

  



Tickets



I'm not coming up with a whole lot of pictures of the tickets used on the system.....

  2008?    2012



Station by Station


Sagrado Corazon









Hato Rey





Roosevelt





Domenech





Pinero





Universidad (underground)

  from Trip Advisor



Rio Piedras (underground)


https://www.flickr.com/photos/vxla/5302664638/ picture source via Wikipedia



Cupay





Centro Medico





San Francisco





Las Lomas





Martinez Nadal





The Shops





Torrimar





Jardines





Deportivo





Bayamon







Disclaimers:

I love trains, and I love signals.  I am not an expert.  My webpages reflect what I find on the topic of the page.  This is something I have fun with while trying to help others.

Please Note:  Since the main focus of my two websites is railroad signals, the railfan guides are oriented towards the signal fan being able to locate them.  For those of you into the modeling aspect of our hobby, my indexa page has a list of almost everything railroad oriented I can think of to provide you with at least a few pictures to help you detail your pike.

If this is a railfan page, every effort has been made to make sure that the information contained on this map and in this railfan guide is correct.  Once in a while, an error may creep in :-)

My philosophy: Pictures and maps are worth a thousand words, especially for railfanning.  Text descriptions only get you so far, especially if you get lost or disoriented.  Take along good maps.... a GPS is OK to get somewhere, but maps are still better if you get lost!  I belong to AAA, which allows you to get local maps for free when you visit the local branches.  ADC puts out a nice series of county maps for the Washington DC area, but their state maps do not have the railroads on them.  If you can find em, I like the National Geographic map book of the U.S..... good, clear, and concise graphics, and they do a really good job of showing you where tourist type attractions are, although they too lack the railroads.  Other notes about specific areas will show up on that page if known.

Aerial shots were taken from either Google or Bing Maps as noted.  Screen captures are made with Snagit, a Techsmith product... a great tool if you have never used it! 

By the way, floobydust is a term I picked up 30-40 years ago from a National Semiconductor data book, and means miscellaneous and/or other stuff.

Pictures and additional information is always needed if anyone feels inclined to take 'em, send 'em, and share 'em, or if you have something to add or correct.... credit is always given!  Please be NICE!!!  Contact info is here


Beware: If used as a source, ANYTHING from Wikipedia must be treated as being possibly being inaccurate, wrong, or not true.

RAILFAN GUIDES HOME
RAILROAD SIGNALS HOME

NEW 05/24/2009, 02/17/2014
Last Modified 27-Oct-2018