Skytrain Rapid Transit System
West Coast Express (Regional Commuter Rail)
GPS Coordinates: as needed
Phone A/C: 604
ZIP: V6A 4C7 (at the Pacific Central Station)
Access by train/transit:
SkyTrain is the oldest and longest, fully-automated, driverless, rapid-transit system in the world.
It is powered by a third rail.
There are three integrated lines:
-- The Expo Line connects Vancouver with the cities of Burnaby, New Westminster, and Surrey.
-- The Millennium Line travels from Vancouver through Burnaby into Port Moody and Coquitlam.
-- The Canada Line connects downtown Vancouver to the
Vancouver International Airport (YVR), and the City of Richmond.
The Expo Line
The Expo Line is the oldest line of the SkyTrain rapid transit system in the
Metro Vancouver region of British Columbia, Canada. The line is owned and
operated by BC Rapid Transit Company, a subsidiary of TransLink, and links
the cities of Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster and Surrey.
The line was originally known only as "the SkyTrain" from its inception in
1985 until 2002, as it was the system's only line during this time. In 2002,
after the opening of the system's second line, the Millennium Line, the
original line was given the name "Expo Line". The new name was in recognition
of Expo 86 (the World's Fair that Vancouver hosted in 1986) as the transit
system had been built in large part as a showcase and an attraction for that fair.
What is now known as SkyTrain began as a demonstration project to showcase the
newly developed linear induction propulsion technology to Vancouver and other
prospective cities throughout the world. Although Toronto's Scarborough RT was
completed before the Expo Line in 1985, the ICTS demonstration was the first
system to use SkyTrain technology. The Intermediate Capacity Transit System
(ICTS) demonstration was built using the Advanced Rapid Transit (ART)
technology developed by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation
(now part of Bombardier). Construction began on March 1, 1982 and was
completed in early 1983. The demonstration project consisted of just one
station and about one kilometre of guideway with no switches. This
original station was not "named" during this time as it was the only
station, but then in 1985 opened as Main Street station.
Ridership on the Expo Line is continually increasing, and plans are being
developed for upgrading capacity to meet future ridership levels. Several
options are being considered and/or planned, including: Purchasing middle
"C" cars to use with some of the Mark II/III trainsets to maximize
available platform space. Current platforms can fit six-car Mark I
trains and five-car Mark II/III trains. Six-car Mark I trains are more
increasingly being used, but TransLink can only create two- and four-car
Mark II trains with its fleet (2 or 2+2). By adding a middle "C" car to
some Mark II/III couplets to create three-car trainsets, longer five-car
trains can be used (2+3). As of December 2016, only the Mark-III vehicles
employ the use of the middle "C" car, creating a four-car train.
Operating headway between trains during peak times is maintained at 108 seconds.
SkyTrain can run at 75 second headways, which will allow for more trains to
operate at peak times.
The Millennium Line
The Millennium Line connects VCC–Clark with Lafarge Lake–Douglas. The line
travels along an elevated guideway for most its route with portions tunneled
and at-grade. The line is 31.2 km (19.4 mi) long with 17 stations, and
the line opened on January 2nd, 2002. Service runs seven days a week.
The line opened in several phases. Phase I of the Millennium Line was to
be from Waterfront to Braid, which is the section that opened on January 2,
2002. Phase II, from Braid to Commercial Drive, opened on August 31,
2002. Initially, Phase II was to also include the PMC Line (Port Moody-
Coquitlam Line) and service was to be from Braid to around Granville
Street and 10th Avenue in Vancouver. In preparation, a third platform
was constructed at Lougheed Town Centre. Following a change of
government from BCNDP to BC Liberals during construction, the PMC
Line was scrapped and Phase II shortened to Braid to Granville and
10th. However, due to problems with land negotiations for the
construction of VCC–Clark Station, Phase II was shortened again to
Commercial Drive. It wasn't until 2006 that VCC–Clark opened, but
the original Phase II plan of continuing deeper into Vancouver
was subsequently scrapped due to a decreased priority.
In 2003, the Lake City Way station opened after construction delays.
On October 22, 2016, the section between Waterfront and Braid was changed to
the Expo Line and the Millennium Line was shortened to run between VCC–Clark
and Lougheed Town Centre. On December 2, 2016, the Evergreen Extension opened,
extending the Millennium Line to Lafarge Lake–Douglas.
An extension is underway, and will include an additional 5
stations. The Broadway Extension will be elevated from VCC–Clark
along Great Northern Way, where it will go underground and continue along Broadway.
The Canada Line
Coloured turquoise on route maps, it operates as an airport rail link between
Vancouver, Richmond, and Vancouver International Airport. The line comprises
16 stations and 19.2 kilometres (11.9 mi) of track; the main line runs from
Vancouver to Richmond while a 4-kilometre (2.5 mi) spur line from Bridgeport
station connects to the airport. It opened on August 17, 2009, ahead of
the 2010 Winter Olympics. Each Canada Line station is slightly different in
appearance, designed to blend in with the surrounding neighbourhood.
The Canada Line operates on a "Fare Paid Zone" system. Passengers are
required by law to possess a valid fare when they are in Fare Paid
Zones. Fare Paid Zones are clearly marked, and fares can be bought
from Compass Vending Machines at all stations. Fare inspections are
mostly conducted by the South Coast British Columbia Transportation
Authority Police Service. Passengers who fail to pay the fare or do
not have a valid fare may be fined $173 and/or removed from the
station or train.
Canada Line attendants are the customer service staff for the Canada
Line. They are easily identifiable by their green uniforms. They
provide customer service, troubleshoot certain problems with the
trains, observe and report safety issues, and check fares.
Officially recognized as the South Coast British Columbia Transportation
Authority, most simply know us as TransLink. Created in 1999, we deliver
our services through contractors as well as our operating companies and
subsidiaries like Coast Mountain Bus Company, British Columbia Rapid
Transit Company Ltd. (SkyTrain) and West Coast Express Ltd.
Together with our partners, stakeholders and operating companies,
TransLink plans and manages the region’s transportation system as
a strategic whole. We are dedicated to creating and sustaining a
transportation system that meets the needs of residents, businesses
and goods movers in a manner that protects the environment and
supports the economic and social objectives of the region.
I love trains, and I love signals. I am not an expert. My webpages reflect what I find on the topic of the page. This is something I have fun with while
trying to help others.
Please Note: Since the main focus of my two websites is railroad signals, the railfan guides are oriented towards the signal fan being able to locate them.
For those of you into the modeling aspect of our hobby, my
indexa page has a list of almost everything railroad oriented
I can think of to provide you with at least a few pictures to help you detail your pike.
If this is a railfan page, every effort has been made to make sure that the information contained on this map and in this railfan guide is correct. Once in a while,
an error may creep in :-)
My philosophy: Pictures and maps are worth a thousand words, especially for railfanning. Text descriptions only get you so far, especially if you get lost or
disoriented. Take along good maps.... a GPS is OK to get somewhere, but maps are still better if you get lost! I belong to AAA, which allows you to get
local maps for free when you visit the local branches. ADC puts out a nice series of county maps for the Washington DC area, but their state maps do not have the
railroads on them. If you can find em, I like the National Geographic map book of the U.S..... good, clear, and concise graphics, and they do a really good job
of showing you where tourist type attractions are, although they too lack the railroads. Other notes about specific areas will show up on that page if known.
Aerial shots were taken from either Google or Bing Maps as noted. Screen captures are made
with Snagit, a Techsmith product... a great tool if you have never used it!
By the way, floobydust is a term I picked up 30-40 years ago from a National Semiconductor data book, and means miscellaneous
and/or other stuff.
Pictures and additional information is always needed if anyone feels inclined to take 'em, send 'em, and share 'em, or if you have something to add or correct.... credit
is always given! Please be NICE!!! Contact info is here
Beware: If used as a source, ANYTHING from Wikipedia must be treated as being possibly inaccurate, wrong, or not true.